Watercolour painting for beginners: The ultimate online course
If you've always thought, "Watercolour paintings look so beautiful, painting them must be hard" then you're not alone. Many of us have a great desire to learn watercolour painting, but don't know where to start.
You might be quickly overwhelmed and discard your plans to learn, but with the right guidance and a few exercises, it can become a lot of fun to paint your own watercolour pictures!
Talent and experience do not play a major role in this type of painting. Much more decisive is:
✔ The correct handling of the colours ✔ How you use the brushes ✔ What material you use.
An article by Nadja
How to learn watercolour painting
In our online watercolour painting course, you'll learn from our artist Nadja everything you need to get started successfully!
We give you answers to questions like:
- What is important when painting in watercolour?
- How do you prevent mistakes when painting in watercolour?
- What materials do you need for watercolour painting?
- How do you paint correctly with watercolours?
- How to start painting a watercolour picture?
With the help of our videos, templates, as well as explanations of the different wartercolour materials, drawing styles and techniques, you'll be able to successfully conjure up your own watercolour paintings in no time!
Before you start each watercolour class, you will find some helpful content to assist you with the classes such us:
► Materials needed for watercolour painting
► Downloadable templates for transferring them onto watercolour paper
► The most common mistakes and how you can avoid them
Watercolour painting with watercolour paints
In this course you will learn everything about how to use watercolour paints correctly: which colours are available, which painting techniques can you use and how do you mix the colours correctly? To try everything out after reading, you can also download a free template to practice! Finally, our watercolour expert Nadja will show you how to create your own artwork using your newly learned skills.
Watercolour painting with watercolour pencils
From the smallest details to the whole picture - watercolour pencils are great all-rounders that you can use in many ways. In this course, Nadja explains everything about watercolour pencils: what makes the pencils to use and which watercolour techniques you can use. Put what you've learned directly into practice and download the template to start! Under Nadja's guidance, you'll put your new skills to work in your own artwork.
Watercolour painting with brush pens
Our brush pens can be used not only for lettering, but also for watercolour paintings. Since the colour of our pens is water soluble, you can decorate your watercolour painting with many small and fine details. In this course, Nadja shows you the important techniques for watercolour painting with brush pens! Afterwards you can create your own beautiful floral motif.
Watercolour painting with graphite pencils
Our watercolour graphite pencils are anything but ordinary! In this course, Nadja shows you how to use pencils not only for sketches, but for entire watercolour artworks. A free download template for this expressive motif will help you get started!
Before you start:
What materials do you need for watercolour painting?
To learn watercolour painting, you need a few special materials. Nadja explains exactly what they are in the following video:
Unlike traditional paper such as printer paper, watercolour paper has a different paper thickness and surface texture. You can usually buy the paper in the form of a watercolour block. The thicker the painting surface you choose, the better it can absorb water and consequently does not curl. For beginners, cold-pressed paper with a thickness of at least 300g/m² is best. This information can be found on the cover sheet of the watercolour block.
You can also buy watercolour paints in sets. These usually contain the most important basic colours, which are well suited for beginners. The colours are available either in small tubes, boxes, or as liquid form.
They look like conventional colouring pencils, but these special watercolour pencils are also water colourable. The drawn sketches can be easily painted with a wet brush, which creates beautiful effects.
Watercolour brush pens
You can use these brush pens like normal felt pens or for hand lettering. The special feature of this product is that they are also water colourable and are therefore ideal for painting or drawing watercolour pictures.
Watercolour graphite pencils
These graphite pencils are designed especially for watercolour painting. They are ideal for sketching watercolour pictures because the colour can be easily overpainted with water afterwards. Shadows in watercolour paintings can also be created with the help of these pencils.
Paint brushes and water brushes
There are different types and sizes of watercolour paint brushes: flat and round brushes, as well as different thicknesses. It's best to get a few different models for a variety of styles. Round brushes in size 8 are ideal if you want to draw large areas or flower patterns. Smaller, round brushes in size 2 are suitable for drawing fine details and elements.
Water brushes are the perfect choice for on-the-go: fill them with water and you're ready to go. You will also need 1 or 2 water containers and a paper towel.
Paint palettes are needed to mix the different paint colours. You can mix the paint as like in the individual predefined areas. After you are done, you wash out the palette and can then reuse it as often as you like.
All-in-One sets for beginners
The All-in-One watercolour sets are the perfect starting equipment for beginners. They contain not only the watercolour pencils or brush pens in assorted colours, but also drawing pencils, water brushes and erasers.
Let's begin: Transfer templates onto watercolour paper
Once you have your material ready and have "warmed up", it's time to transfer the template for your first watercolour painting onto the paper. To do this, watch the video follow the below steps:
The individual steps:
- Print the template on normal paper.
- Shade the back of the template with a very soft pencil (such as 6B).
- Then place the template face up on the watercolour paper. To prevent it from slipping, you can tape both sheets to the table or other painting surface.
- Now trace the outlines of the printed template with a hard pencil (such as HB grade). By doing this, the motif is transferred to the watercolour paper with the help of the shaded back.
- Tip: Before you fully remove the tape, check the watercolour paper to make sure that the outlines of the motif have been successfully transferred to the paper so that they are sufficiently visible.
Watercolour painting: The most common mistakes and how to avoid them
Even when painting with watercolour, mistakes happen, that's not a bad thing. To avoid making mistakes and so that you do not get used to the wrong techniques, Nadja explains in the below video the most common mistakes and how you can avoid them.
But don't worry: there is no right and wrong when painting watercolours, just try yourself, experiment and don't get discouraged - practice makes perfect!
Mistake #1: Wrong paper
Many beginners use the wrong paper when they start watercolour painting. The most common mistake that is made: not using a special watercolour paper. Watercolour paper has a very high component of cotton for a reason. It makes it very absorbent, not only for water but also the mixed colours. Conventional printer paper, for example, curls a lot when it gets wet. So not only do the colours melt, but the picture ends up looking distorted when the paper dries.
Mistake #2: Wrong paint brush
There are round and flat watercolour brushes for watercolour painting. Beginners often use paint brushes that are too small because they lack the necessary confidence. However, if you use a brush that is too small, you will need more brushstrokes for your painting and the work will quickly look overworked. A size 8 paint brush is best for beginners: you can use it to paint many different shapes, as well as finer and coarser strokes. A flat brush is best for painting backgrounds. For the smallest details you ideally use a round brush in size 2.
Mistake #3: Dirty water
You will quickly notice the first time you try and paint with watercolours: the water discolours relatively quickly. If you also use many colours in succession, it will soon look very similar to a muddy puddle. Therefore, make sure to change the water regularly so that the colour pigments on the watercolour paper continue to show to their advantage.
Mistake #4: Too much water
It often happens that beginners use too much water when painting in watercolour. If the brush is too wet and the mixing ratio of water to colour is not right, the paper will curl very strongly. This leads to unwanted water edgesand outlines around the colour area.
Mistake #5: Too little water
On the other hand, you can also make the mistake of painting with too little water: there is the so-called "dry brush effect" that you can use specifically. To paint beautiful transitions and colour gradients, however, you should use the right amount of water. If you make a mistake and the colour is too dry or dark, you can easily fix it by dipping the brush in water and squeezing it out in the brush cloth. Now you can simply soak up the excess paint on the paper with the brush.
Mistake #6: Colour bleeding
A mistake that happens often with impatient artists: the first layer of paint is not yet dry, and you continue painting with another colour. The result: the colours mix and run into each other. In so-called "colour bleeding" you then have no clear edges on your painting. Layering the colours always works better once the paint is dry.
Mistake #7: Unwanted paint splashes
If you accidentally drop the brush onto the painting and unwanted splashes appear, you can remove them quickly and easily: by washing the brush in clean water and letting a drop of the clean water drip onto the watercolour paper. The paint will dissolve, and you can remove the splashes with a kitchen towel. However, it is important to let the paper dry completely before you continue drawing!
Mistake #8: Too dark underdrawings
Sometimes it happens that you have drawn your sketch with the pencil too dark. If you want to erase it afterwards, you unfortunately also remove the watercolour. You can avoid this mistake by making the preliminary sketches with a water colourable coloured pencil in light grey. This preliminary drawing is blended in combination with water and can hardly be seen afterwards.
Mistake #9: Perfectionism
The picture is finished, but you are still not satisfied? Sometimes beginners make the mistake of always wanting to change something to improve the artwork. Unfortunately, it then happens that it does not become more beautiful but appears overworked.
In the end, look at your painting favourably, even if you are not 100% satisfied. Trial and error are part of the process - if you made mistakes in this painting, you can learn from them and they won't happen again in the next one.
The Design Journey Art Class is brought to you by STAEDTLER UK in partnership with Crafty Arts, our online retail partner.
Crafty Arts are a family Arts & Crafts business, offering a wide range of art supplies, as well as tutorials and tips, so you can be creative daily.
Get everything you need for all of the Design Journey Art Classes exclusively through Crafty Arts!
The STAEDTLER Design Journey Art Class
Have you successfully drawn your first watercolour paintings? Share it with everyone and link us on social media using the hashtag #myDesignJourney!
If you're also interested in different drawing techniques, check out our other Design Journey Art Classes. Here you'll find online classes on topics like:
- Drawing Animals with Sine Hagestad
- Perspective Drawing with Dan Beardshaw
- Drawing with ink and watercolours with Kalliopi Lyviaki
- Drawing techniques with coloured pencils with Melanie Übleis